terça-feira, outubro 24, 2006

Formar para uma cultura do digital

Agora que o MIT está na moda em Portugal, vale a pena ler um relatório ("livro branco") editado por esta instituição e da autoria de Henry Jenkins. Intitula-se "Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture" (pdf, 354 kb, 70 pages), e nele o autor elenca 11 novas competências em que as novas gerações (e as menos jovens) precisam de ser formadas:

* Play - the capacity to experiment with one?s surroundings as a form of problem solving.
* Performance - the ability to adopt alternative identities for the purpose of improvisation and discovery.
* Simulation - the ability to interpret and construct dynamic models of real-world processes.
* Appropriation - the ability to meaningfully sample and remix media content.
* Multitasking - the ability to scan one?s environment and shift focus as needed to salient details.
* Distributed Cognition - the ability to interact meaningfully with tools that expand mental capacities.
* Collective Intelligence - the ability to pool knowledge and compare notes with others toward a common goal.
* Judgment - the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility of different information sources.
* Transmedia Navigation - the ability to follow the flow of stories and information across multiple modalities.
* Networking - the ability to search for, synthesize, and disseminate information.
* Negotiation - the ability to travel across diverse communities, discerning and respecting multiple perspectives, and grasping and following alternative norms.

Sublinha ainda três motivos de preocupação:

* The Participation Gap - the unequal access to the opportunities, experiences, skills, and knowledge that will prepare youth for full participation in the world of tomorrow.
* The Transparency Problem - the challenges young people face in learning to see clearly the ways that media shape perceptions of the world.
* The Ethics Challenge - the breakdown of traditional forms of professional training and socialization that might prepare young people for their increasingly public roles as media makers and community participants.

Sem comentários: