terça-feira, setembro 28, 2004

Pensar criticamente os media
- papel da escola e da família

Um relatório editado em 2002,que vale a pena ler:
Thinking Critically about MediaSchools and Families in Partnership

Um panorama dos vários capítulos:

Think. Interpret. Create.How Media Education Promotes Critical Thinking, Democracy,Health, and Aesthetic Appreciationby Robert Kubey, Ph.D.
Media literacy education is at a watershed moment around the world. We are making the inevitable and gradual turn to changing what we do in classrooms and at home to make education more student-centered and responsive to children's and society's real-world needs.

Empowered Parents: Role Models for Taking Charge of TV Viewingby Folami Prescott-Adams, Ph.D.
Television is an amazingly powerful communication tool. Its images of culture, family, relationships, and events give us opportunities to socialize, teach, and inspire both children and adults. Empowered parents and communities are responsible for guiding the placement of television in the process of human development.

Media Literacy and Prevention: Going Beyond "Just Say No"by Lynda Bergsma, Ph.D.
Today most prevention practitioners and researchers, as well as concerned teachers and parents, recognize that many of the messages we get from the media are risk factors for numerous public health problems. From the time we wake up to the radio alarm clock to the time we fall asleep with the TV on, we live in a media culture. We cannot escape the media's influence on either our healthy or unhealthy behaviors.

Parents and Teachers: Team Teaching Media Literacyby Milton Chen, Ph.D., Sarah Armstrong, Ph.D., and Roberta Furger
When it comes to media, our children are mass consumers.
On average, each of them spends 1,500 hours a year watching television. Roughly 17 million children and teens have Internet access in their homes, and most of them use it daily for everything from researching school projects to playing online games to sending instant messages or chatting with their classmates. They go to movies and watch music videos. Headphones and CD players have become so much a part of the middle and high school students' "uniform" that backpacks are now designed to accommodate the gear.
But for all their exposure to mass media, American youth and teens spend precious little time analyzing the messages they're bombarded with every day.

Media Literacy Across the Curriculumby David M. Considine, Ph.D.
If they are to fully harness the power and potential of exciting new technologies and multimedia, our students must be offered the critical criteria and information skills necessary for them to become intelligent, competent consumers and creators of media messages.

New Media and New Media LiteracyThe horizon has become the landscape ? new media are hereby Neil Andersen
Because many 21stcentury homes are equipped with more robust technology than most schools, there is often a significant disconnect between students' thinking and classroom demands. Students emerging from home electronic environments have experienced multimedia immersion, participating on many cognitive levels and in many media languages simultaneously. The dominant design of many classroom curricula, however, is to isolate a few senses and concentrate on them in depth, while ignoring others.

quinta-feira, setembro 23, 2004

Jornadas sobre a imprensa na escola

Realizam-se de 29 deste mês a 1 de Outubro, no Rio de Janeiro, umas jornadas que visam desenvolver o intercâmbio de ideias e de práticas sobre o uso do jornal na educação. A iniciativa, que se estende por três dias, cabe à Associação Nacional de Jornais, do Brasil, juntamente com a a Associação Mundial de Jornais e a Sociedade Interamericana de Imprensa e conta com o apoio dos jornais O Dia e O Globo, que têm ambos programas de utilização da imprensa na escola.
Entre os temas a debater, destaca-se:
  • La lectura en Latinoamérica: El impacto de la lectura en general y de los periódicos en particular.
  • ?La presencia del periódico en la escuela: compartiendo conocimientos?
  • Periodismo y jóvenes
  • ?El diario en el aula: cómo ayudar al periódico y a la educación
  • El diario como una herramienta para la educación en zonas de pocos recursos El diario como herramienta en el aula
  • Grado de analfabetismo en la región y la importancia del ejemplo en el desarrollo del pensamiento crítico
  • ?Libros y Diarios: el mismo placer por la lectura??

Mais informações: AQUI.

sexta-feira, setembro 17, 2004

"Têm algo que dizer um ao outro?"

" (...) The dialogue of cultures is a dialogue of personalities and communities. Dialogue is possible only when you understand the language of your partner and their moral values, and they understand yours. It is not mandatory to subscribe to these values. However, it is vital to respect and tolerate them.Certain aspects of education also need to be considered. For example, history lessons at school are mostly about wars. Children are asked to remember the dates and the names of military leaders, while major scientific discoveries and cultural achievements are considered less important. Today a child spends twice more time in front of TV than at school. In this connection we should consider the influence that the media and the enormous amount of violence on the screen has on children. The studies on violence in the media, conducted by the UNESCO Observatory at Göteborg University, show that violence on the screen transforms into violence in life.It is imperative that we make the next step and rally the global civil society to fight violence on the screen. Too often have technology issues overshadowed the importance of content. The digital divide was the buzz expression at the World Summit on Information Society. The digital divide does exist and it has to be overcome. However, it would be a great mistake to give technology all the importance.When Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, was informed about the installation of the first transatlantic telephone line between the USA and Europe, his question was: ?Do they have what to say to each other?? Thus, the success of the dialogue of cultures and civilizations will depend on how wisely we speak to each other and how attentively we listen.
Valdas Adamkus, Presidente da República da Lituânia
Discurso na sessão de abertura da conferência "New Ignorancies, new literacies" (Forum Barcelona 2004, 6-8 Set.)

segunda-feira, setembro 13, 2004

Revistas para os mais pequenos

Depois da decisão da "Visão" de continuar a experiência deste Verão de publicar uma revista para os mais pequenos, uma notícia divulgada hoje pela France Presse:
"Le groupe audiovisuel TF1 va sortir en octobre deux nouveaux titres de presse: un "quinzomadaire" pour adolescents et un magazine destiné aux enfants de 2 à 5 ans".
A primeira chamar-se-á "7 Extra" e a segunda "Dora l'exploratrice".

domingo, setembro 12, 2004

Receita "quase infalível" para incentivar a leitura

Marina Mayoral, numa coluna hoje publicada em La Voz de Galicia:
"Ao comenzo do curso escolar chegan por diversas vías peticións de consellos sobre como conseguir que nenos e rapaces lean máis. Eu, modestia fora, coido que teño unha fórmula case infalible para despertar e fomentar o gusto da lectura. A cousa é tan sinxela como contarlles contos cando son pequenos. Agora ben, esto de contar contos ten a súa cerimonia. Para empezar hai que limitar o horario nocturno de televisión e estar dispostos a acompañar ós nenos na súa habitación, xa metidos na cama, de vinte minutos a media horiña. Nese tempo un dos proxenitores -recoméndase o pai para que non pareza que eso de contar contos é cousa de mulleres, xa saben, cousa de pouca monta- léelle ós nenos un relato, ou mellor aínda, cóntallo, despois de telo el previamente lido. Así estará preparado para responder ós comentarios e preguntas dos críos, que ás veces son comprometidas. (...)".
(O texto continua aqui).